Inhibition of STAT1 accelerates bone fracture healing

J Orthop Res. 2010 Jul;28(7):937-41. doi: 10.1002/jor.21086.


Skeletal fracture healing involves a variety of cellular and molecular events; however, the mechanisms behind these processes are not fully understood. In the current study, we investigated the potential involvement of the signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (STAT1), a critical regulator for both osteoclastogenesis and osteoblast differentiation, in skeletal fracture healing. We used a fracture model and a cortical defect model in mice, and found that fracture callus remodeling and membranous ossification are highly accelerated in STAT1-deficient mice. Additionally, we found that STAT1 suppresses Osterix transcript levels and Osterix promoter activity in vitro, indicating the suppression of Osterix transcription as one of the mechanisms behind the inhibitory effect of STAT1 on osteoblast differentiation. Furthermore, we found that fludarabine, a potent STAT1 inhibitor, significantly increases bone formation in a heterotopic ossification model. These results reveal previously unknown functions of STAT1 in skeletal homeostasis and may have important clinical implications for the treatment of skeletal bone fracture.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bony Callus / drug effects
  • Bony Callus / metabolism
  • COS Cells
  • Calcification, Physiologic / drug effects
  • Calcification, Physiologic / physiology
  • Chlorocebus aethiops
  • Core Binding Factor Alpha 1 Subunit / genetics
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Fracture Healing / drug effects*
  • Fracture Healing / physiology
  • Gene Expression / physiology
  • Mice
  • Mice, Mutant Strains
  • Osteoblasts / physiology
  • Osteogenesis / drug effects
  • Osteogenesis / physiology
  • STAT1 Transcription Factor / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • STAT1 Transcription Factor / genetics
  • STAT1 Transcription Factor / metabolism
  • Sp7 Transcription Factor
  • Tibial Fractures / drug therapy*
  • Tibial Fractures / physiopathology*
  • Transcription Factors / genetics
  • Vidarabine / analogs & derivatives*
  • Vidarabine / pharmacology


  • Core Binding Factor Alpha 1 Subunit
  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Runx2 protein, mouse
  • STAT1 Transcription Factor
  • Sp7 Transcription Factor
  • Sp7 protein, mouse
  • Stat1 protein, mouse
  • Transcription Factors
  • Vidarabine
  • fludarabine