Sample size estimation for comparing two or more treatment groups in clinical trials

Stat Med. 1991 Jan;10(1):33-43. doi: 10.1002/sim.4780100109.


Methods for estimating required sample size for comparing two population means have been published. Most involve the use of complicated formulae and tables. These methods are limited to comparing two groups. Although techniques exist to determine sample sizes for comparing more than two groups, they are intrinsically far more complicated. A simple linear nomogram is proposed as a solution to these problems, and its use is illustrated with examples of parallel group, ordered parallel group and factorial designs.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Blood Pressure / drug effects
  • Clinical Trials as Topic / methods*
  • Humans
  • Selection Bias*