Role of major spine surgery using Kaneda anterior instrumentation for osteoporotic vertebral collapse

J Spinal Disord Tech. 2010 Feb;23(1):53-6. doi: 10.1097/BSD.0b013e318193e3a5.


Study design: A retrospective study.

Objectives: To investigate the clinical and radiographic results of spinal reconstruction using Kaneda anterior spinal instrumentation for osteoporotic vertebral collapse.

Summary of background data: Recent advances in osteoporotic vertebral fracture treatment including kyphoplasty changes the role of major surgery for these pathologies. However, osteoporotic vertebral collapse with neurologic compromise remains requiring surgical decompression and reconstruction.

Methods: Thirty-one consecutive patients who underwent anterior spinal reconstruction for osteoporotic vertebral collapse with neurologic deficits were reviewed retrospectively. Twenty-six patients had single vertebral collapse and 5 had multiple lesions. They were 10 males and 21 females with mean age of 71 years. Mean follow-up period was 57 months. For anterior column support, iliac bone graft was used in 1 patient, cylindrical titanium cages in 12, and bioactive ceramic spacers in 18 patients. Kaneda anterior instrumentation was used in all the patients. Radiographic and clinical assessments were performed preoperatively and at the final follow-up.

Results: All the patients showed neurologic recovery. Visual analog scales (0 to 10) of low back pain and sciatic pain were 5.8 and 4.2 before surgery, and 2.1 and 0.6 at the final follow-up, respectively. Mean kyphosis of operative levels was 31 degrees before surgery, and improved to 13 degrees immediately after surgery and 21 degrees at the final follow-up. Posterior reinforcement was required in 6 patients (19%), who had severe osteoporosis and/or underwent multilevel corpectomies. Solid fusion was achieved in all patients at the final follow-up.

Conclusions: The current study demonstrated the advantages of anterior spinal reconstruction in osteoporotic vertebral collapse: (1) safe and reliable decompression could be performed, and (2) 80% of patients were successfully treated with anterior spinal reconstruction alone. However, patients with multilevel corpectomies and/or severe osteoporosis highly required posterior reinforcement.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Biocompatible Materials
  • Bone Transplantation / methods
  • Ceramics / therapeutic use
  • Decompression, Surgical / instrumentation
  • Decompression, Surgical / methods
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Internal Fixators / statistics & numerical data*
  • Male
  • Osteoporosis / complications*
  • Plastic Surgery Procedures / instrumentation
  • Plastic Surgery Procedures / methods
  • Prostheses and Implants
  • Prosthesis Design
  • Radiography
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Spinal Fractures / etiology
  • Spinal Fractures / pathology
  • Spinal Fractures / surgery*
  • Spinal Fusion / instrumentation*
  • Spinal Fusion / methods
  • Spine / diagnostic imaging
  • Spine / pathology
  • Spine / surgery*
  • Titanium / therapeutic use
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Vertebroplasty / instrumentation*
  • Vertebroplasty / methods


  • Biocompatible Materials
  • Titanium