Efficient cross-presentation of soluble exogenous antigens introduced into dendritic cells using a weak-based amphiphilic peptide

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2010 Feb 5;392(2):217-22. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2010.01.019. Epub 2010 Jan 11.


To develop a novel dendritic cell (DC)-based vaccine for inducing antigen-specific CD8+ T cell responses by cross-presentation, we tested a novel antigen delivery system that introduces soluble antigens into the cytosol of cells by an endocytosis-mediated mechanism which avoids damaging the plasma membrane ("Endo-Porter"). Proteins released from endosomes into the cytoplasm are degraded by the proteasome, and fragmented antigenic peptides are presented to the classical cytosolic MHC class I pathway. DCs pulsed with OVA protein in the presence of Endo-Porter efficiently stimulate OVA peptide-specific CD8+ T (OT-I) cells. Although this agent diverts some of the endocytosed antigens away from the classical MHC class II-restricted presentation pathway to the class I pathway, the activation of CD4+ T cells was found not to be hampered by Endo-Porter-mediated antigen delivery. On the contrary, it was rather augmented, probably due to the increased uptake of antigen. Because specific CD4+ T cell help is required to license DCs for cross-priming, Endo-Porter-mediated antigen delivery is a promising approach for developing more efficient cancer vaccines targeting both CD4+ and CD8+ T cells.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antigens / metabolism*
  • CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes / immunology
  • CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes / immunology
  • Cancer Vaccines / immunology*
  • Cross-Priming*
  • Cytosol / immunology
  • Dendritic Cells / immunology*
  • Endocytosis*
  • Histocompatibility Antigens Class I / immunology
  • Lymphocyte Activation
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Peptides / metabolism*


  • Antigens
  • Cancer Vaccines
  • Endo-Porter
  • Histocompatibility Antigens Class I
  • Peptides