Chronic kidney disease in United States Hispanics: a growing public health problem

Ethn Dis. Autumn 2009;19(4):466-72.

Abstract

Hispanics are the fastest growing minority group in the United States. The incidence of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in Hispanics is higher than non-Hispanic Whites and Hispanics with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are at increased risk for kidney failure. Likely contributing factors to this burden of disease include diabetes and metabolic syndrome, both are common among Hispanics. Access to health care, quality of care, and barriers due to language, health literacy and acculturation may also play a role. Despite the importance of this public health problem, only limited data exist about Hispanics with CKD. We review the epidemiology of CKD in US Hispanics, identify the factors that may be responsible for this growing health problem, and suggest gaps in our understanding which are suitable for future investigation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Chronic Disease
  • Diabetic Nephropathies / ethnology
  • Disease Progression
  • Emigrants and Immigrants
  • Healthcare Disparities / statistics & numerical data
  • Hispanic Americans*
  • Humans
  • Kidney Diseases / ethnology*
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / ethnology
  • Prevalence
  • Public Health
  • Risk Factors