MPV17-associated hepatocerebral mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome: new patients and novel mutations

Mol Genet Metab. 2010 Mar;99(3):300-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ymgme.2009.10.003. Epub 2009 Oct 13.


Mitochondrial DNA depletion syndromes are autosomal recessive diseases characterized by a severe decrease in mitochondrial DNA content leading to dysfunction of the affected organ. They are phenotypically heterogeneous and classified as myopathic, encephalomyopathic, or hepatocerebral. The latter group has been associated with mutations in TWINKLE,POLG1, DGUOK genes and recently with mutations in the MPV17 gene. MPV17 encodes a mitochondrial inner membrane protein and plays an as yet poorly understood role in mitochondrial DNA maintenance. Mutations in the MPV17 gene have been reported in patients who came to medical attention during infancy with liver failure, hypoglycemia, failure-to-thrive and neurological symptoms. In addition, a homozygous p.R50Q mutation has been identified in patients with Navajo neurohepatopathy. To date, 13 different mutations in 21 patients have been reported. We report eight new patients with seven novel mutations, including four missense mutations (c.262A>G (p.K88E), c.280G>C (p.G94R), c.293C>T (p.P98L), and c.485C>A (p.A162D)), one in-frame deletion (c.271_273del3 (p.L91del)), one splice site substitution (c.186+2T>C), and one insertion (c.22_23insC). The p.R50Q mutation, which occurs in a CpG dinucleotide, is the most common MPV17 mutation and, to date, has only been found in the homozygous state. Clinically, patients homozygous for p.R50Q or compound heterozygous for the p.G94R and p.P98L mutations have a better prognosis, with all the other mutations associated with early death if not treated by liver transplantation. Localizing the mutations within the predicted MPV17 protein structure reveals clustering of mutations in the region of the putative protein kinase C phosphorylation site.

MeSH terms

  • DNA Mutational Analysis
  • DNA, Mitochondrial / genetics*
  • Female
  • Gene Dosage
  • Genotype
  • Hepatic Encephalopathy* / genetics
  • Hepatic Encephalopathy* / physiopathology
  • Heterozygote
  • Homozygote
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Membrane Proteins / genetics*
  • Mitochondrial Diseases* / genetics
  • Mitochondrial Diseases* / physiopathology
  • Mitochondrial Proteins / genetics*
  • Mutation*
  • Mutation, Missense
  • Phenotype
  • Syndrome


  • DNA, Mitochondrial
  • MPV17 protein, human
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Mitochondrial Proteins