Background: The genetic susceptibility to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) depends on detoxification and antioxidant enzymes, which detoxify cigarette smoke reactive components that, otherwise, generate oxidative stress.
Methods: In a case-control study of 346 subjects with and without COPD, we examined the polymorphisms 462Ile/Val, 3801T/C of CYP1A1, -3860G/A of CYP1A2 and -930A/G, 242C/T of CYBA individually or in combination and their contribution to oxidative stress markers by measuring malondialdehyde (MDA), catalase (CAT), glutathione (GSH) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx).
Results: COPD patients had significantly increased MDA concentration (p<0.001) and decreased CAT activity, GSH concentration, GPx activity (p< or =0.01). The patients were over-represented by the alleles 462Val, 3801C of CYP1A1 and -930G, 242C of CYBA (p<0.001, p=0.003, p=0.030 and p=0.031, respectively) and consequently the haplotypes of same alleles i.e. 462Val:3801C, 462Val:3801T and -930G:242C (p=0.048, p=0.016 and p=0.039, respectively). Similarly, CYP1A1 and CYP1A2 haplotypes, 462Val:3860G and 462Val:3801T:3860G were significantly over-represented (p=0.001 and p=0.003), respectively in patients. The same alleles-associated genotype-combinations between genes were more prevalent in patients. Of note, the genotypes, 462Ile/Val+Val/Val, 3801TC+CC of CYP1A1 and -930AG+GG of CYBA associated with increased MDA concentration (p=0.018, p=0.045 and p=0.017, respectively), decreased CAT activity (p<0.0001, p=0.080 and p<0.0001, respectively) and GSH concentration (p<0.0001, p=0.0002 and p=0.011, respectively) in patients.
Conclusion: The identified alleles, its haplotypes and the genotype-combination along with increased oxidative stress, signify the importance in susceptibility to COPD.
2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.