CYP1A1, CYP1A2 and CYBA gene polymorphisms associated with oxidative stress in COPD

Clin Chim Acta. 2010 Apr 2;411(7-8):474-80. doi: 10.1016/j.cca.2009.12.018. Epub 2010 Jan 18.


Background: The genetic susceptibility to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) depends on detoxification and antioxidant enzymes, which detoxify cigarette smoke reactive components that, otherwise, generate oxidative stress.

Methods: In a case-control study of 346 subjects with and without COPD, we examined the polymorphisms 462Ile/Val, 3801T/C of CYP1A1, -3860G/A of CYP1A2 and -930A/G, 242C/T of CYBA individually or in combination and their contribution to oxidative stress markers by measuring malondialdehyde (MDA), catalase (CAT), glutathione (GSH) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx).

Results: COPD patients had significantly increased MDA concentration (p<0.001) and decreased CAT activity, GSH concentration, GPx activity (p< or =0.01). The patients were over-represented by the alleles 462Val, 3801C of CYP1A1 and -930G, 242C of CYBA (p<0.001, p=0.003, p=0.030 and p=0.031, respectively) and consequently the haplotypes of same alleles i.e. 462Val:3801C, 462Val:3801T and -930G:242C (p=0.048, p=0.016 and p=0.039, respectively). Similarly, CYP1A1 and CYP1A2 haplotypes, 462Val:3860G and 462Val:3801T:3860G were significantly over-represented (p=0.001 and p=0.003), respectively in patients. The same alleles-associated genotype-combinations between genes were more prevalent in patients. Of note, the genotypes, 462Ile/Val+Val/Val, 3801TC+CC of CYP1A1 and -930AG+GG of CYBA associated with increased MDA concentration (p=0.018, p=0.045 and p=0.017, respectively), decreased CAT activity (p<0.0001, p=0.080 and p<0.0001, respectively) and GSH concentration (p<0.0001, p=0.0002 and p=0.011, respectively) in patients.

Conclusion: The identified alleles, its haplotypes and the genotype-combination along with increased oxidative stress, signify the importance in susceptibility to COPD.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A1 / genetics*
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A2 / genetics*
  • Female
  • Genotype
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • NADPH Oxidases / genetics*
  • Oxidative Stress / genetics*
  • Polymorphism, Genetic / genetics*
  • Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive / genetics*


  • CYP1A2 protein, human
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A1
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A2
  • NADPH Oxidases
  • CYBA protein, human