Haploinsufficiency of the gene Quaking (QKI) is associated with the 6q terminal deletion syndrome

Am J Med Genet A. 2010 Feb;152A(2):319-26. doi: 10.1002/ajmg.a.33202.


Subtelomeric rearrangements involving chromosome 6q have been reported in a limited number of studies. Although the sizes are very variable, ranging from cytogenetically visible deletions to small submicroscopic deletions, a common recognizable phenotype associated with a 6q deletion could be distilled. The main characteristics are intellectual disabilities, hypotonia, seizures, brain anomalies, and specific dysmorphic features including short neck, broad nose with bulbous tip, large and low-set ears and downturned corners of the mouth. In this article we report on a female patient, carrying a reciprocal balanced translocation t(5;6)(q23.1;q26), presenting with a clinical phenotype highly similar to the common 6q- phenotype. Breakpoint analysis using array painting revealed that the Quaking (QKI) gene that maps in 6q26 is disrupted, suggesting that haploinsufficiency of this gene plays a role in the 6q- clinical phenotype.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Abnormalities, Multiple / genetics
  • Adult
  • Chromosome Deletion*
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 6*
  • Comparative Genomic Hybridization
  • DNA Mutational Analysis
  • Female
  • Humans
  • In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence
  • Karyotyping
  • Male
  • Phenotype
  • RNA-Binding Proteins / genetics*
  • Syndrome*
  • Translocation, Genetic


  • QKI protein, human
  • RNA-Binding Proteins