Aims: To determine if hyperglycemia on admission correlates to infarct size measured by single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) in patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).
Methods: We evaluated 347 STEMI patients who underwent primary PCI. Infarct size was determined by SPECT on Day 5. The population was divided into: hyperglycemia (glycemia on admission >11mmol/L) or non-hyperglycemia (<or=11mmol/L) regardless of diabetic status.
Results: 61 (17.6%) patients presented with hyperglycemia on admission. There were no significant differences in baseline characteristics or in PCI characteristics between the two groups. Final TIMI 3 flow was achieved in 81.7% of patients with hyperglycemia vs 85.7% of patients with non-hyperglycemia (p=0.43). The infarct size was larger in the hyperglycemia group (6 [2-14]% vs 8.5 [3-18.25]%; p=0.016). A multivariate linear regression analysis showed that hyperglycemia on admission was an independent predictor of infarct size at Day 5 post-MI (p=0.004).
Conclusion: In patients with STEMI treated with primary PCI, hyperglycemia on admission is associated with larger infarct size determined by SPECT.