A case of Rhodococcus equi brain abscess

Surg Neurol. 1991 Apr;35(4):321-4. doi: 10.1016/0090-3019(91)90013-y.


We treated a patient with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome for a brain abscess caused by Rhodococcus equi, an actinomycete that usually infects the lung in immunosuppressed hosts. Rhodococcus equi brain abscess is an extremely rare lesion that has never been reported in a patient with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. The infection was cured by lengthy therapy with multiple antibiotics after aspiration of the lesion to identify the infective organism and determine its sensitivity to antibiotics.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / complications*
  • Actinomycetales Infections / drug therapy
  • Actinomycetales Infections / etiology*
  • Adult
  • Brain Abscess / drug therapy
  • Brain Abscess / etiology*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Rhodococcus*