Osteitis pubis is a painful condition that affects the pubic symphysis and surrounding tendinous attachments. One common cause stems from unusual biomechanical stress to the pelvis. Patients typically have a variety of vague and nonspecific symptoms, which makes accurate diagnosis of this condition difficult, particularly for clinicians not familiar with the disorder. A systematic approach to evaluating these patients is essential because the differential can be quite large and includes isolated muscle tears, lumbar radiculopathy, and stress fractures. Fortunately, once the diagnosis is confirmed, conservative treatment such as rest and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs usually leads to a favorable outcome.