Managing injuries of the great toe

Phys Sportsmed. 1998 Sep;26(9):29-39. doi: 10.3810/psm.1998.09.1128.


Most of the common great-toe injuries that affect active people are self-limiting and easily treated if detected early. Reviewed here are the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of hallux valgus, turf toe, hallux rigidus, sesamoid dysfunction, nail abnormalities, dislocations and fractures, calluses, and blisters. Conservative treatment will usually enable patients to return to activity relatively quickly. Continued disability may require referral to an orthopedist.