Objective: To investigate the changes in surface and intramuscular electromyographic (EMG) activity at latent trigger points (TrPs) in the extensor carpi radialis brevis muscle after injection of either glutamate or isotonic saline into latent TrPs in the infraspinatus muscle.
Method: Nociceptive muscle stimulation was obtained by a bolus injection of glutamate (0.2 mL, 0.5 M) into a latent TrP located in the right infraspinatus muscle in 12 healthy volunteers. A bolus of isotonic saline (0.9%, 0.2 mL) injection served as control. Injections were guided by intramuscular EMG showing resting spontaneous electrical activity at the latent myofascial TrP in the infraspinatus muscle. Intramuscular (at the TrP) and surface EMG activities of both infraspinatus and extensor carpi radialis brevis muscles were recorded before, during, and after injection for a period of 6 minutes to monitor changes produced in EMG activity.
Results: Glutamate injection into latent TrPs induced higher pain intensity than isotonic saline injection (P<0.001). The analysis of variance showed a significant increase in root mean square score of intramuscular EMG activity at TrP in the extensor carpi radialis brevis after glutamate (mean+/-SD: 212.0+/-215.6 microV) but not isotonic saline (mean+/-SD: 74.2+/-72.2 microV) injections (P<0.001). No changes in surface EMG activity were found. No significant changes in root mean square of intramuscular and surface EMG activity in the infraspinatus muscle were found.
Conclusions: Our results show that an increased nociceptive activity at latent TrPs in the infraspinatus muscle may increase motor activity and sensitivity of a TrP in distant muscles at a same segmental level.