Disentanglement of local field potential sources by independent component analysis

J Comput Neurosci. 2010 Dec;29(3):445-57. doi: 10.1007/s10827-009-0206-y. Epub 2010 Jan 23.


The spontaneous activity of working neurons yields synaptic currents that mix up in the volume conductor. This activity is picked up by intracerebral recording electrodes as local field potentials (LFPs), but their separation into original informative sources is an unresolved problem. Assuming that synaptic currents have stationary placing we implemented independent component model for blind source separation of LFPs in the hippocampal CA1 region. After suppressing contaminating sources from adjacent regions we obtained three main local LFP generators. The specificity of the information contained in isolated generators is much higher than in raw potentials as revealed by stronger phase-spike correlation with local putative interneurons. The spatial distribution of the population synaptic input corresponding to each isolated generator was disclosed by current-source density analysis of spatial weights. The found generators match with axonal terminal fields from subtypes of local interneurons and associational fibers from nearby subfields. The found distributions of synaptic currents were employed in a computational model to reconstruct spontaneous LFPs. The phase-spike correlations of simulated units and LFPs show laminar dependency that reflects the nature and magnitude of the synaptic currents in the targeted pyramidal cells. We propose that each isolated generator captures the synaptic activity driven by a different neuron subpopulation. This offers experimentally justified model of local circuits creating extracellular potential, which involves distinct neuron subtypes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms
  • Animals
  • CA1 Region, Hippocampal / physiology
  • CA3 Region, Hippocampal / physiology
  • Cerebral Cortex / physiology
  • Data Interpretation, Statistical
  • Dentate Gyrus / physiology
  • Electroencephalography
  • Electrophysiological Phenomena / physiology*
  • Female
  • Membrane Potentials / physiology*
  • Models, Neurological
  • Presynaptic Terminals / physiology
  • Principal Component Analysis
  • Pyramidal Cells / physiology
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Synaptic Transmission / physiology