[Feminizing adrenal tumours in Spain: report of a case and review of the five previously published patients]

Endocrinol Nutr. 2009 Nov;56(9):470-4. doi: 10.1016/S1575-0922(09)72970-5.
[Article in Spanish]


Feminizing adrenal tumours are very rare. We report the clinical and hormonal study of a case, a 49 years old male, since his first consultation until his death 6 years after the initial diagnosis, and a review of the other 5 Spanish patients previously published. His initial symptoms were gynecomastia and libido decrease, with increase of plasmatic and urinary oestrogen levels, plasma testosterone near low normal level and a right adrenal gland tumour that, after its removal, showed a benign histology and was classified as an adrenocortical adenoma. Three years after, initial symptoms returned, with oestrogen, glucocorticoid and androgen hypersecretion, tumour local relapse and peritoneal, liver and lung metastasis. After mitotane and aminoglutethimide therapy, hormonal concentrations fell temporary and then raised again until his death 3 years later. The main special feature of this case is the apparently benign initial adrenal tumour with only oestrogen hypersecretion, and its relapse 3 years later with secretion of several steroid hormones, generalized metastasis and no response to medical therapy.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • English Abstract
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adenoma / complications*
  • Adenoma / pathology
  • Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / complications*
  • Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / pathology
  • Feminization / etiology*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Metastasis
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / complications
  • Spain