Objective: To determine the factors associated with hysteroscopic surgery long-term outcome in patients with intrauterine adhesions or submucosal myomas.
Methods: Factors thought to be associated with outcome were retrospectively evaluated from the records of 591 patients who were followed up for at least 5years after undergoing hysteroscopic adhesiolysis (n=203) or myomectomy (n=388).
Results: The major factors affecting outcome were degree of adhesion (OR, 1.91; P=0.03) in the former group and parity (OR, 0.55; P=0.005) and depth of intramural penetration of the myoma (OR, 30.74; P<0.001) in the latter. Severe intrauterine adhesion, low parity, and deep intramural penetration of submucosal myoma had an associated increase risk of poor outcome. The overall complication rate was 1.35% and, respectively, 12.8% and 9.3% of the patients who underwent hysteroscopic adhesiolysis or myomectomy needed a second intervention.
Conclusion: Hysteroscopic surgery is a safe and effective procedure. Degree of adhesion or parity and depth of intramural penetration of myomas are the major factors affecting outcome in patients with these lesions.
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