Factors associated with operative hysteroscopy outcome in patients with uterine adhesions or submucosal myomas

Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2010 May;109(2):125-7. doi: 10.1016/j.ijgo.2009.11.018. Epub 2010 Jan 22.


Objective: To determine the factors associated with hysteroscopic surgery long-term outcome in patients with intrauterine adhesions or submucosal myomas.

Methods: Factors thought to be associated with outcome were retrospectively evaluated from the records of 591 patients who were followed up for at least 5years after undergoing hysteroscopic adhesiolysis (n=203) or myomectomy (n=388).

Results: The major factors affecting outcome were degree of adhesion (OR, 1.91; P=0.03) in the former group and parity (OR, 0.55; P=0.005) and depth of intramural penetration of the myoma (OR, 30.74; P<0.001) in the latter. Severe intrauterine adhesion, low parity, and deep intramural penetration of submucosal myoma had an associated increase risk of poor outcome. The overall complication rate was 1.35% and, respectively, 12.8% and 9.3% of the patients who underwent hysteroscopic adhesiolysis or myomectomy needed a second intervention.

Conclusion: Hysteroscopic surgery is a safe and effective procedure. Degree of adhesion or parity and depth of intramural penetration of myomas are the major factors affecting outcome in patients with these lesions.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hysteroscopy*
  • Leiomyoma / surgery*
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology
  • Postoperative Complications / pathology
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Tissue Adhesions / surgery*
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Uterine Neoplasms / surgery*
  • Young Adult