A Comparison of Trained and Untrained Vocalists on the Dysphonia Severity Index

J Voice. 2010 Nov;24(6):661-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jvoice.2009.04.001. Epub 2010 Jan 25.

Abstract

The purposes of this study were (1) to compare trained and untrained singers on the Dysphonia Severity Index (DSI) and its component measures, and (2) to contribute to normative DSI data for trained singers. This study included 36 untrained participants (15 males and 21 females) and 30 participants (15 males and 15 females) with singing experience between the ages of 18 and 30 years. Measures of maximum phonation time (MPT), highest phonational frequency, lowest intensity, and jitter were obtained for each subject and incorporated into the previously published multivariate DSI formula. Results indicated that vocally trained subjects have significantly higher DSI scores than untrained subjects (mean DSI: 6.48 vs 4.00, respectively), with significant differences observed between trained and untrained groups for three of the four components of the DSI (F(0) high; I low; jitter). The findings of this study are consistent with previous reports that indicate significant increases in the DSI with vocal training, and with various studies that have observed increased vocal capability in trained singers versus their untrained counterparts. The results of this study indicate that alternative normative expectations for the DSI may need to be taken into account when using the DSI with patients who have participated in directed vocal training, such as choral participation and voice/singing lessons.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Dysphonia / diagnosis*
  • Dysphonia / physiopathology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Music*
  • Phonation*
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Severity of Illness Index*
  • Speech Acoustics
  • Time Factors
  • Voice Quality*
  • Voice Training*
  • Young Adult