Craniosynostosis: a radiological and surgical perspective

Semin Ultrasound CT MR. 2009 Dec;30(6):492-512. doi: 10.1053/j.sult.2009.08.002.


Craniosynostosis is the premature fusion of the cranial sutures. It is identified early in life either due to cosmetic deformity or due to more serious functional complications. Isolated forms of craniosynostosis are much more common and less challenging in their management than their syndromic counterpart. Modern multislice computed tomography and 3D reconstructions have revolutionized surgical planning and follow-up. We review the radiological features of the craniosynostoses, complications, and associated conditions that may alter patient management. Common surgical techniques and postoperative appearances are illustrated in the article.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Child, Preschool
  • Cranial Sutures / abnormalities*
  • Cranial Sutures / diagnostic imaging
  • Cranial Sutures / surgery
  • Craniosynostoses / diagnostic imaging*
  • Craniosynostoses / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Imaging, Three-Dimensional
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed*
  • Ultrasonography