Tarzarotene-induced gene 3 (TIG3) and HRAS-like suppressor (HRASLS3) are members of the HREV107 family of class II tumor suppressors, which are down-regulated in various cancer cells. TIG3 and HRASLS3 also exhibit phospholipase activities. Both proteins share a common domain architecture with hydrophilic N-terminal and hydrophobic C-terminal regions. The hydrophobic C-terminal region is important for tumor suppression. However, the function of the hydrophilic N-terminal region remains elusive. To facilitate biochemical characterizations of TIG3 and HRASLS3, we expressed and purified the N-terminal regions of TIG3 and HRASLS3, designated TIG3 (1-134) and HRASLS3 (1-133), in a bacterial system. We found that the N-terminal regions of TIG3 and HRASLS3 have calcium-independent phospholipase A(2) activities. Limited proteolysis revealed that TIG3 (1-132) is a structural domain in the N-terminal region of TIG3. Our data suggest that the hydrophobic C-terminal regions might be crucial for cellular localization, while the hydrophilic N-terminal regions are sufficient for the enzymatic activity of both TIG3 and HRASLS3.
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