The role of cell cycle in retinal development: cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors co-ordinate cell-cycle inhibition, cell-fate determination and differentiation in the developing retina

Dev Dyn. 2010 Mar;239(3):727-36. doi: 10.1002/dvdy.22223.


The mature retina is formed through multi-step developmental processes, including eye field specification, optic vesicle evagination, and cell-fate determination. Co-ordination of these developmental events with cell-proliferative activity is essential to achieve formation of proper retinal structure and function. In particular, the molecular and cellular dynamics of the final cell cycle significantly influence the identity that a cell acquires, since cell fate is largely determined at the final cell cycle for the production of postmitotic cells. This review summarizes our current understanding of the cellular mechanisms that underlie the co-ordination of cell-cycle and cell-fate determination, and also describes a molecular role of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors (CDKIs) as co-ordinators of cell-cycle arrest, cell-fate determination and differentiation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Cycle*
  • Cell Differentiation
  • Cell Lineage
  • Cell Movement
  • Cell Proliferation
  • Developmental Biology / methods
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental*
  • Mitosis
  • Models, Biological
  • Models, Genetic
  • Neurons / metabolism
  • Retina / embryology*
  • Retina / growth & development*
  • Xenopus