Serum sensitivity and lipopolysaccharide characteristics in Bordetella bronchiseptica, B. pertussis and B. parapertussis

J Med Microbiol. 1991 Mar;34(3):159-65. doi: 10.1099/00222615-34-3-159.


The viability of four strains of Bordetella bronchiseptica, two strains of B. pertussis and one strain of B. parapertussis exposed to hyperimmune and pre-colostrum porcine serum was examined. Viable cell numbers (cfu/ml) of the B. pertussis strains and a rough strain of B. bronchiseptica (CSU-P-1) decreased by 99% and 99.99%, respectively, after exposure for 1 h to porcine hyperimmune serum. In contrast, smooth B. bronchiseptica strains and the B. parapertussis strain showed no significant decrease in viable cell numbers after the same treatment. B. bronchiseptica strain CSU-P-1 also showed a 99% decrease in viable cell numbers after exposure to pre-colostrum porcine serum for 1 h whereas the other strains tested showed no decrease in viable numbers under the same conditions. Heating the hyperimmune and pre-colostrum serum at 56 degrees C for 30 min resulted in the loss of bactericidal activity suggesting the involvement of complement in both systems. Analysis of silver-stained SDS-PAGE profiles of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) extracted from the bacterial cells indicated that the smooth strains of B. bronchiseptica and the B. parapertussis strain possessed high mol. wt O-side chain-like material, whereas the B. pertussis strains and B. bronchiseptica strain CSU-P-1 did not. Gel filtration of acid-hydrolysed LPS samples indicated two distinct carbohydrate peaks for the strains with high mol. wt O-side chain-like material, whereas the other strains each yielded one distinct peak. Western-blot analysis indicated a positive reaction for anti-B. bronchiseptica antibodies to the high mol. wt O-side chain-like material of all serum-resistant strains used in this study.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Blotting, Western
  • Bordetella / analysis*
  • Bordetella / growth & development
  • Bordetella pertussis / analysis*
  • Bordetella pertussis / growth & development
  • Chromatography, Gel
  • Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
  • Female
  • Hydrolysis
  • Lipopolysaccharides / isolation & purification*
  • Serum Bactericidal Test*
  • Swine


  • Lipopolysaccharides