Systemic histopathology of rats with CCl4-induced hepatic cirrhosis

Lab Anim. 1991 Jan;25(1):21-5. doi: 10.1258/002367791780808121.


Systemic histopathological examinations were carried out on rats with CCl4-induced hepatic cirrhosis. Moderate congestion in the spleen, prominent oedema in the focal acinar cell degeneration in the pancreas, marked haemorrhage and phagocytosis of haemosiderin by macrophages in the pancreaticoduodenal lymph node, appearance of monocytes bearing haemosiderin-like granules in the pulmonary arteries and cardiac right atrium, and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis were consistently observed in rats with hepatic cirrhosis. In addition, a marked increase in number of target cells and the appearance of a small number of monocytes bearing haemosiderin-like granules were also commonly found in the peripheral blood smears of these animals. These findings are considered to be important in the use of the CCl4-induced model of hepatic cirrhosis in the rat.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Carbon Tetrachloride*
  • Heart Atria / drug effects
  • Liver Cirrhosis / chemically induced
  • Liver Cirrhosis / pathology*
  • Macrophages / ultrastructure
  • Male
  • Monocytes / ultrastructure
  • Organ Specificity
  • Phagocytosis
  • Pulmonary Artery / drug effects
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains


  • Carbon Tetrachloride