Impact of musculoskeletal and medical conditions on disability retirement-a longitudinal study among construction roofers

Am J Ind Med. 2010 Jun;53(6):552-60. doi: 10.1002/ajim.20794.


Background: To assess the intersection of work demands, chronic medical and musculoskeletal conditions, aging, and disability, we initiated a longitudinal study of construction roofers who were current union members between the ages of 40 and 59.

Methods: Participants were asked about the presence of medical conditions and musculoskeletal disorders; the Work Limitations Questionnaire, the SF-12, and other validated assessments of social and economic impact of injury were included.

Results: Factors at baseline that predicted leaving for a health-related reason were older age, lower physical functioning, work limitations, and having missed work. Those who left roofing for a health-related reason were much more likely to have a lower economic score at the 1 year interview.

Conclusions: Medical and musculoskeletal conditions are strongly associated with work limitation, missed work, and reduced physical functioning; these factors are also associated with premature departure from the workforce.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aging
  • Confidence Intervals
  • Disability Evaluation*
  • Disabled Persons*
  • Health Status
  • Health Status Indicators
  • Humans
  • Logistic Models
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Low Back Pain / epidemiology
  • Low Back Pain / etiology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Musculoskeletal Diseases / epidemiology*
  • Musculoskeletal Diseases / etiology
  • Occupational Exposure / adverse effects*
  • Occupational Health*
  • Odds Ratio
  • Retirement*
  • Risk Factors
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • United States / epidemiology