Lymphocytic Hypophysitis With Involvement of the Cavernous Sinus and Hypothalamus

Neurosurgery. 1991 Mar;28(3):440-4. doi: 10.1097/00006123-199103000-00019.

Abstract

Two cases of lymphocytic hypophysitis are reported, in which hypothalamic involvement causing diabetes insipidus was a prominent clinical feature. In one case, a man had clinical and radiological evidence of the involvement of the cavernous sinus. This represents the second reported case of a man with lymphocytic hypophysitis. A transsphenoidal biopsy established the diagnosis in both cases. Neither the involvement of the cavernous sinus nor permanent diabetes insipidus has been reported previously. A review of the literature is provided.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cavernous Sinus* / diagnostic imaging
  • Cavernous Sinus* / pathology
  • Cavernous Sinus* / surgery
  • Diabetes Insipidus / etiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypothalamic Diseases / complications
  • Hypothalamic Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Hypothalamic Diseases / pathology
  • Hypothalamic Diseases / surgery
  • Inflammation / complications
  • Inflammation / diagnosis
  • Inflammation / pathology
  • Inflammation / surgery
  • Male
  • Pituitary Diseases / complications
  • Pituitary Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Pituitary Diseases / pathology
  • Pituitary Diseases / surgery
  • Radiography