The architectural design of the gluteal muscle group: implications for movement and rehabilitation

J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2010 Feb;40(2):95-102. doi: 10.2519/jospt.2010.3302.


The organization of fibers within a muscle (architecture) defines the performance capacity of that muscle. In the current commentary, basic architectural terms are reviewed in the context of the major hip muscles and then specific illustrative examples relevant to lower extremity rehabilitation are presented. These data demonstrate the architectural and functional specialization of the hip muscles, and highlight the importance of muscle physiology and joint mechanics when evaluating and treating musculoskeletal disorders.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Buttocks
  • Hip Joint / physiology*
  • Hip Joint / physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Movement / physiology*
  • Movement Disorders / etiology
  • Movement Disorders / rehabilitation
  • Muscle Fibers, Skeletal
  • Muscle, Skeletal / anatomy & histology*
  • Muscle, Skeletal / physiology*
  • Muscle, Skeletal / physiopathology