Dietary tocotrienols reduce concentrations of plasma cholesterol, apolipoprotein B, thromboxane B2, and platelet factor 4 in pigs with inherited hyperlipidemias

Am J Clin Nutr. 1991 Apr;53(4 Suppl):1042S-1046S. doi: 10.1093/ajcn/53.4.1042S.

Abstract

Normolipemic and genetically hypercholesterolemic pigs of defined lipoprotein genotype were fed a standard diet supplemented with 50 micrograms/g tocotrienol-rich fraction (TRF) isolated from palm oil. Hypercholesterolemic pigs fed the TRF supplement showed a 44% decrease in total serum cholesterol, a 60% decrease in low-density-lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol, and significant decreases in levels of apolipoprotein B (26%), thromboxane-B2 (41%), and platelet factor 4 (PF4; 29%). The declines in thromboxane B2 and PF4 suggest that TRF has a marked protective effect on the endothelium and platelet aggregation. The effect of the lipid-lowering diet persisted only in the hypercholesterolemic swine after 8 wk feeding of the control diet. These results support observations from previous studies on lowering plasma cholesterol in animals by tocotrienols, which are naturally occurring compounds in grain and palm oils and may have some effect on lowering plasma cholesterol in humans.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antioxidants / administration & dosage*
  • Antioxidants / pharmacology
  • Antioxidants / therapeutic use
  • Apolipoproteins B / blood
  • Cholesterol / blood
  • Female
  • Hypercholesterolemia / blood*
  • Hypercholesterolemia / drug therapy
  • Male
  • Platelet Factor 4 / analysis
  • Swine
  • Thromboxane B2 / blood
  • Vitamin E / administration & dosage
  • Vitamin E / analogs & derivatives*
  • Vitamin E / blood
  • Vitamin E / pharmacology
  • Vitamin E / therapeutic use

Substances

  • Antioxidants
  • Apolipoproteins B
  • Vitamin E
  • Platelet Factor 4
  • Thromboxane B2
  • Cholesterol