Prosthetic valve endocarditis due to Cardiobacterium hominis occurring after upper gastrointestinal endoscopy

Am J Med. 1991 Apr;90(4):516-8.


Bacterial endocarditis secondary to endoscopic procedures has been convincingly documented in only four cases. We describe a case of prosthetic valve endocarditis due to Cardiobacterium hominis that developed after upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. Because of this, we recommend subacute bacterial endocarditis prophylaxis in patients who have a prior history of endocarditis or valve replacement.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Aortic Valve
  • Ceftriaxone / therapeutic use
  • Echocardiography
  • Endocarditis, Subacute Bacterial / drug therapy
  • Endocarditis, Subacute Bacterial / etiology*
  • Endocarditis, Subacute Bacterial / physiopathology
  • Gastroscopy / adverse effects*
  • Gram-Negative Bacteria / isolation & purification
  • Heart Valve Prosthesis / adverse effects*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged


  • Ceftriaxone