Objective: Fesoterodine is an antimuscarinic agent indicated for the treatment of overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of fesoterodine versus placebo over selected intervals during a 24-hour period in subjects with OAB.
Research design and methods: In a post hoc analysis, data were analyzed from two randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled 12-week phase III trials in which subjects with a history of OAB symptoms for >or=6 months were treated with morning doses of fesoterodine 4 mg, fesoterodine 8 mg, or placebo.
Main outcome measures: Changes were evaluated in number of micturitions, urgency episodes, urgency urinary incontinence (UUI) episodes, and mean voided volume (MVV) divided into three 8-hour intervals: 08:00-15:59 (daytime), 16:00-23:59 (evening), and 00:00-07:59 (nighttime). Comparisons with placebo were made using analysis of covariance (for least squares mean changes) and Wilcoxon rank sum test (for median percent changes); differences were considered significant at p < 0.05.
Results: Data from 1674 subjects, 80% of whom were women, were included in the analysis. At the end of treatment, the least squares mean change from baseline for all efficacy endpoints was significantly greater with fesoterodine 4 mg and fesoterodine 8 mg compared with placebo during each 8-hour time interval (all p < 0.05). Median percent change in number of micturitions, urgency episodes, and UUI episodes also was significantly greater with both fesoterodine doses compared with placebo during all time intervals (all p < 0.05).
Conclusions: Fesoterodine 4 mg and 8 mg given once daily demonstrated efficacy over placebo for OAB symptoms during all three 8-hour intervals of a 24-hour period, thus providing clinical support for once-daily dosing. Limitations include that this was a post hoc analysis.