Optical coherence tomography findings in patients with retinitis pigmentosa and low visual acuity

Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging. Jan-Feb 2010;41(1):35-9. doi: 10.3928/15428877-20091230-07.

Abstract

Background and objective: To study the morphological features of the macula of patients with retinitis pigmentosa and visual acuities of 20/200 or less as examined by optical coherence tomography.

Patients and methods: In an observational case series study, 42 eyes (21 patients) with retinitis pigmentosa and visual acuities of 20/200 or less were evaluated by optical coherence tomography.

Results: Thirty-four (81%) eyes had atrophic retina (group 1) and 8 (19%) eyes had cystoid macular edema (group 2). The mean visual acuity was 20/1000 in group 1 and 20/300 in group 2. Epiretinal membrane was identified in 27 (64.3%) eyes.

Conclusion: Optical coherence tomography is a more sensitive method in detecting macular pathology and can help in selecting cases where treatment may be applied.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Multicenter Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Retina / pathology*
  • Retinitis Pigmentosa / diagnosis*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Tomography, Optical Coherence / methods*
  • Vision, Low / diagnosis*
  • Visual Acuity*
  • Young Adult