Background and objective: To assess and compare the horizontal dimensions of the anterior chamber by different anterior segment imaging techniques.
Patients and methods: Eighty eyes of 40 patients without any ocular disease or previous ocular surgery were recruited and three consecutive measurements of internal anterior chamber diameter and white-to-white distance (WTW) parameters were determined.
Results: Mean internal anterior chamber diameter was 11.80 +/- 0.39, 11.56 +/- 0.47, and 11.61 +/- 0.58 mm with Visante-OCT, SL-OCT, and Pentacam, respectively. Mean WTW distance was 11.87 +/- 0.35 and 11.65 +/- 0.32 mm by IOLMaster and OrbscanIIz, respectively. There was no significant difference between Visante-OCT and Pentacam, IOLMaster, and OrbscanIIz (P = .125, .918, and .314). However, detection of mean internal anterior chamber diameter was significantly greater by Visante-OCT than SL-OCT (P = .026). All devices displayed a high intrasession repeatability (repeated measured ANOVA, P > .05).
Conclusion: Internal anterior chamber diameter measurements using Visante-OCT, SL-OCT, and Pentacam, and WTW measurements using IOLMaster and OrbscanIIz were easy to handle and demonstrated good repeatability. Although similar results of horizontal anterior chamber diameter were determined by Visante-OCT, Pentacam, IOLMaster, and OrbscanIIz, the inter-device differences should be considered during clinical practice.
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