A preliminary development of the Re-Injury Anxiety Inventory (RIAI)

Phys Ther Sport. 2010 Feb;11(1):23-9. doi: 10.1016/j.ptsp.2009.09.003. Epub 2009 Oct 28.


Objectives: The present paper outlines the initial development of an instrument to measure re-injury anxiety.

Methods: Face, content and factorial validity were examined over three stages of exploratory factor analyses.

Participants: 248 injured sport participants completed the scale.

Results: A 28-item measure was produced to measure re-injury anxiety, comprising of two factors: re-injury anxieties regarding rehabilitation (RIA-R: 15 items) and re-injury anxieties regarding returning to training/competition (RIA-RE: 13 items). These two factors accounted for 80.56% of the total variance. The internal consistency for both factors was above the .70 criterion value; rehabilitation re-injury anxiety (alpha=.98); re-entry into competition re-injury anxiety (alpha=.96).

Conclusions: Future research needs to test the proposed 2-factor model presented in the current research using confirmatory factor analysis.

Publication types

  • Validation Study

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Anxiety / diagnosis*
  • Athletic Injuries*
  • Fear*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Psychometrics
  • Recurrence
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Risk Factors
  • Statistics as Topic
  • Stress, Psychological
  • Time Factors
  • Young Adult