[Gingival hyperplasia]

Med Monatsschr Pharm. 2010 Jan;33(1):23-4.
[Article in German]


Gingival hyperplasia is a typical adverse reaction of certain drugs (phenytoin, calcium antagonists and cyclosporine). Also oral contraceptives and presumably hormone replacement therapy may rarely lead to gingival hyperplasia. By differential diagnosis a paraneoplastic syndrome has to be taken into account. Drug induced gingival hyperplasia is reversible when the therapy is stopped or modified. If a change of medication is not possible oral hygiene and prophylaxis is critical.

Publication types

  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Gingival Hyperplasia / chemically induced*
  • Gingival Hyperplasia / diagnosis
  • Gingival Hyperplasia / pathology
  • Hormone Replacement Therapy / adverse effects
  • Humans