Paraoxonase 1 R/Q alleles are associated with differential accumulation of saturated versus 20:5n3 fatty acid in human adipose tissue

J Lipid Res. 2010 Jul;51(7):1991-2000. doi: 10.1194/jlr.P004960. Epub 2010 Feb 3.


Serum paraoxonase 1 (PON1) function has been associated with human cardiovascular disease. The projected mechanism postulates interaction of PON1 with lipoproteins and insulin signaling resulting in alterations in lipid homeostasis. Recently, PON2 was shown to directly regulate triglyceride accumulation in macrophages and PON1 was detected in the interstitial space of adipocytes. The aims of the present study were a) to examine the relationship of the PON1 function with serum parameters related to lipid homeostasis, and b) to examine a possible role of PON1 in the regulation of lipid composition in the human adipose tissue. Two important genetic variations with functional impact on PON1 activity in humans are the Q192R and the L55M. The present study evaluated the impact of the Q192R and the L55M polymorphisms in a cross-section of the population on the island of Crete, as regards to PON1 activity, plasma lipids/lipoproteins, parameters of the metabolic syndrome, and the fatty acid composition of the adipose tissue. We detected a significant association of the polymorphisms with blood pressure, fasting blood glucose, triglycerides, apolipoprotein B, serum iron, and homocysteine. Furthermore, a novel function is suggested for PON1 on the fatty acid composition in the adipose tissue through the positive association of the R allele with saturated fatty acid and of the Q allele with 20:5n3 fatty acid deposition.

MeSH terms

  • Adipose Tissue / metabolism*
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Alleles*
  • Animals
  • Aryldialkylphosphatase / genetics*
  • Aryldialkylphosphatase / metabolism*
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Eicosapentaenoic Acid
  • Fatty Acids / metabolism*
  • Fatty Acids, Unsaturated / metabolism*
  • Female
  • Genotype
  • Greece
  • Humans
  • Lipids / blood
  • Lipoproteins / blood
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Polymorphism, Genetic*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires


  • Fatty Acids
  • Fatty Acids, Unsaturated
  • Lipids
  • Lipoproteins
  • Eicosapentaenoic Acid
  • Aryldialkylphosphatase