This paper is an extension of compilations published previously in this journal. (Ashby and Tennant, 1988; Ashby et al., 1989). A summary of the rodent carcinogenicity bioassay data on a further 39 chemicals tested by the U.S. National Toxicology Program (NTP) is presented. An evaluation of each chemical for structural alerts to DNA-reactivity is also provided, together with a summary of its mutagenicity to Salmonella. Chemicals with an aliphatic nitro group (-C-NO2) have been added to the composite structure of DNA-reactive sub-groups. The 39 chemicals were numbered and evaluated as an extension of the earlier analysis of 264 NTP chemicals. The activity patterns and conclusions derived from the earlier studies are followed by these 39 chemicals, albeit a detailed analysis of the total database of 301 chemicals is reserved for the succeeding paper.