Violence and restraint reduction efforts on inpatient psychiatric units

Issues Ment Health Nurs. 2010 Mar;31(3):181-97. doi: 10.3109/01612840903276704.


Efforts to reduce aggression and violence and the use of restraint and seclusion have traditionally been through some form of educational program. This paper presents an integrative review of research and quality improvement projects that aimed to reduce aggression/violence or restraint/seclusion through the use of an educational program. Forty-six papers are included in this review. This paper presents summaries and comparisons of the research designs, the content and length of programs, and the outcomes of these programs. From these summaries, trends in relation to design, content, and outcomes are identified, and recommendations for clinicians and researchers are given.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Aggression / psychology
  • Clinical Nursing Research
  • Humans
  • Mental Disorders / nursing*
  • Patient Isolation / psychology
  • Philosophy, Nursing
  • Psychiatric Department, Hospital*
  • Research Design
  • Restraint, Physical / psychology*
  • Violence / prevention & control
  • Violence / psychology*