Regulation of p53 family member isoform DeltaNp63alpha by the nuclear factor-kappaB targeting kinase IkappaB kinase beta

Cancer Res. 2010 Feb 15;70(4):1419-29. doi: 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-09-2613. Epub 2010 Feb 9.


The p53 family gene p63 plays an instrumental role in cellular stress responses including responses to DNA damage. In addition to encoding a full-length transcriptional activator, p63 also encodes several dominant inhibitory isoforms including the isoform DeltaNp63alpha, the function of which is not fully understood. DeltaNp63alpha is degraded in response to DNA damage, thereby enabling an effective cellular response to genotoxic agents. Here, we identify a key molecular mechanism underlying regulation of DeltaNp63alpha expression in response to chemotherapeutic agents or tumor necrosis factor-alpha. We found that DeltaNp63alpha interacts with IkappaB kinase (IKK), a multisubunit protein kinase that consists of two catalytic subunits, IKKalpha and IKKbeta, and a regulatory subunit, IKKgamma. The IKKbeta kinase promotes ubiquitin-mediated proteasomal degradation of DeltaNp63alpha, whereas a kinase-deficient mutant IKKbeta-K44A fails to do so. Cytokine- or chemotherapy-induced stimulation of IKKbeta caused degradation of DeltaNp63alpha and augmented transactivation of p53 family-induced genes involved in the cellular response to DNA damage. Conversely, IKKbeta inhibition attenuated cytokine- or chemotherapy-induced degradation of DeltaNp63alpha. Our findings show that IKKbeta plays an essential role in regulating DeltaNp63alpha in response to extrinsic stimuli. IKK activation represents one mechanism by which levels of DeltaNp63alpha can be reduced, thereby rendering cells susceptible to cell death in the face of cellular stress or DNA damage.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Cell Death / drug effects
  • Cell Death / genetics
  • Cisplatin / pharmacology
  • DNA Damage / drug effects
  • DNA Damage / genetics
  • Enzyme Activation / drug effects
  • Enzyme Activation / physiology
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic / drug effects
  • Humans
  • I-kappa B Kinase / metabolism
  • I-kappa B Kinase / physiology*
  • NF-kappa B / metabolism
  • Proteasome Endopeptidase Complex / metabolism
  • Protein Binding / drug effects
  • Protein Isoforms / genetics
  • Protein Isoforms / metabolism
  • Protein Processing, Post-Translational / drug effects
  • Trans-Activators / genetics*
  • Trans-Activators / metabolism*
  • Transcription Factors
  • Transcriptional Activation / drug effects
  • Transcriptional Activation / physiology
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / pharmacology
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / genetics
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / metabolism
  • Tumor Suppressor Proteins / genetics*
  • Tumor Suppressor Proteins / metabolism*
  • Ubiquitin / metabolism


  • NF-kappa B
  • Protein Isoforms
  • TP63 protein, human
  • Trans-Activators
  • Transcription Factors
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
  • Tumor Suppressor Proteins
  • Ubiquitin
  • I-kappa B Kinase
  • Proteasome Endopeptidase Complex
  • Cisplatin