Background and study aims: The use of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for complete eradication of Barrett's esophagus has shown promise in trials conducted at predominantly tertiary academic centers; however less is known regarding outcomes in the community. We evaluated the safety and efficacy of RFA for Barrett's esophagus delivered in a community practice setting.
Patients and methods: This was a multicenter registry conducted in community-based gastroenterology practices. Patients had confirmed intestinal metaplasia with or without dysplasia on biopsy of a Barrett's esophagus. Intervention was step-wise RFA with follow-up esophageal biopsies. Endpoints were histology-based; complete response was defined as all biopsies at most recent endoscopy negative for intestinal metaplasia (CR-IM) or dysplasia (CR-D). Three cohorts were reported: 1) safety cohort, all patients; 2) efficacy cohort A, patients with at least one biopsy session after initial treatment; 3) efficacy cohort B, patients with at least one biopsy session > or = 1 year after initial treatment.
Results: The safety cohort included 429 patients (71 % men, median age 59 years, median Barrett's segment 3.0 cm). There were no serious adverse events (bleeding, perforation, death), and a stricture occurred after 1.1 % of cases (2.1 % of patients). In efficacy cohort A (n = 338), CR-IM and CR-D were achieved in 72 % and 89 % of patients, respectively (median follow-up 9 months). In efficacy cohort B (n = 137), CR-IM and CR-D were achieved in 77 % and 100 % of patients, respectively (median follow-up 20 months).
Conclusions: In this multicenter registry conducted at four community-based practices, the observed safety and efficacy outcomes associated with RFA for Barrett's esophagus are comparable to those previously reported in multicenter trials from predominantly tertiary academic centers.
Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart. New York.