In the rabbit ear artery both dopamine and noradrenaline inhibit stimulation-induced (S-I) transmitter noradrenaline efflux. Pimozide, which is reported to be a specific dopamine receptor antagonist, was used to further study the effects of dopamine on transmitter efflux. In a concentration of 0.2 micrometer pimozide blocked the inhibition of S-I efflux produced by 0.5 micrometer dopamine but not that produced by 0.5 micrometer noradrenaline. In a concentration of 10 nM, pimozide enhances transmitter release and vasoconstrictor responses to sympathetic nerve stimulation; this may be due to blockade of feedback inhibition of transmitter release by endogenous dopamine. In a concentration of 1 micrometer, pimozide reduced transmitter release and vasoconstrictor responses to sympathetic nerve stimulation. Vasoconstrictor responses to noradrenaline and histamine are antagonized by pimozide in a noncompetitive manner.