Use of Herbal Products and Potential Interactions in Patients With Cardiovascular Diseases

J Am Coll Cardiol. 2010 Feb 9;55(6):515-25. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2009.07.074.

Abstract

More than 15 million people in the U.S. consume herbal remedies or high-dose vitamins. The number of visits to providers of complementary and alternative medicine exceeds those to primary care physicians, for annual out-of-pocket costs of $30 billion. Use of herbal products forms the bulk of treatments, particularly by elderly people who also consume multiple prescription medications for comorbid conditions, which increases the risk of adverse herb-drug-disease interactions. Despite the paucity of scientific evidence supporting the safety or efficacy of herbal products, their widespread promotion in the popular media and the unsubstantiated health care claims about their efficacy drive consumer demand. In this review, we highlight commonly used herbs and their interactions with cardiovascular drugs. We also discuss health-related issues of herbal products and suggest ways to improve their safety to better protect the public from untoward effects.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cardiovascular Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / drug therapy*
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / etiology
  • Herb-Drug Interactions*
  • Humans
  • Phytotherapy / adverse effects*
  • Plants, Medicinal / adverse effects*
  • Treatment Outcome

Substances

  • Cardiovascular Agents