The epithelium of the small intestine act by the formation of GSH-S-conjugation, as a first line of defence against various ingested toxic chemicals. GSH and GSH-dependent enzymes are present in the gastrointestinal wall. We and others have characterized the GSH-specific transport systems in intestinal brush-border and in basolateral membrane vesicles, in which gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase (gamma-GT) activity was inactivated by AT-125. In the present study we use inhibition experiments, kinetic studies, trans-stimulation of GSH uptake and HPLC determination to demonstrate (for the first time) that GSH and two GSH-S-conjugates (chosen as model compounds) share a common transport system. Plasma GSH-S-conjugates that may enter the intestinal cells via basolateral membrane, and GSH-S-conjugates that form in intestinal cells, may be eliminated directly by this GSH transporter across brush-border membranes or transported into lumen to the active site of gamma-GT; they are then further metabolized and excreted by various routes. This transport system may thus contribute to the intestinal detoxication role.