Unicystic ameloblastoma of the mandible--an unusual case report and review of literature

Head Neck Oncol. 2010 Jan 14:2:1. doi: 10.1186/1758-3284-2-1.


Ameloblastoma is a true neoplasm of odontogenic epithelial origin. It is the second most common odontogenic neoplasm, and only odontoma outnumbers it in reported frequency of occurrence. Its incidence, combined with its clinical behavior, makes ameloblastoma the most significant odontogenic neoplasm. Unicystic ameloblastoma (UA) refers to those cystic lesions that show clinical, radiographic, or gross features of a mandibular cyst, but on histologic examination show a typical ameloblastomatous epithelium lining part of the cyst cavity, with or without luminal and/or mural tumor growth. It accounts for 5-15% of all intraosseous ameloblastomas. We report a case of unicystic ameloblastoma in a 30-year-old female, and review the literature.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Ameloblastoma / diagnosis
  • Ameloblastoma / diagnostic imaging
  • Ameloblastoma / pathology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Mandibular Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • Mandibular Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging
  • Mandibular Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Radiography