Management of a severe carbamazepine overdose with continuous venovenous hemodiafiltration

Am J Emerg Med. 2010 Feb;28(2):260.e1-2. doi: 10.1016/j.ajem.2009.06.013.


Carbamazepine (CBZ) is a commonly used antiepileptic agent. Common toxic effects include neurological abnormalities; ataxia, seizures, coma, cardiorespiratory problems; dysrhythmias; conduction disorders; respiratory depression; and eye abnormalities, such as nystagmus and ophthalmoplegia. Carbamazepine is highly protein bound. There is no antidote for the medication. Carbamazepine is not removed effectively through conventional hemodialysis. Supportive measures and charcoal hemoperfusion have been regarded as efficient treatment methods. We herein report a 17-year old girl to whom continuous venovenous hemodiafiltration lacking the albumin-enhance after suicidal overdose of CBZ was performed. We suggest continuous venovenous hemodiafiltration lacking the albumin-enhance as an alternative emergency treatment modality for cases who had ingested CBZ in toxic levels.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Anticonvulsants / poisoning*
  • Carbamazepine / poisoning*
  • Coma / chemically induced
  • Coma / therapy
  • Drug Overdose / therapy
  • Female
  • Hemodiafiltration / methods*
  • Humans
  • Suicide, Attempted


  • Anticonvulsants
  • Carbamazepine