Brief screening and intervention for alcohol and drug use in a college student health clinic: feasibility, implementation, and outcomes

J Am Coll Health. Jan-Feb 2010;58(4):357-64. doi: 10.1080/07448480903501764.

Abstract

Objective: Evaluation of the Brief Alcohol Screen and Intervention in College Students (BASICS) in a university primary care setting.

Participants/methods: Undergraduates (N = 449) participated in BASICS and electronic surveys assessing frequency/quantity of alcohol and drug use, psychosocial and mental health outcomes, and demographic information. Data were collected at baseline and 6-month follow-up between August 2006 and August 2008.

Results: Drinking and drug use decreased between baseline and 6 months. Participants reported an increase in protective factors and in readiness to change alcohol-related behaviors, and a decrease in alcohol-related consequences and in distress symptoms. Heavy episodic drinking at baseline significantly moderated the changes in number of drinks in a typical week and in a typical weekend, and number of drinks on the occasion drank most on a weekend.

Conclusions: BASICS can be implemented in a primary health care setting and university students may reduce their alcohol and/or drug use.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Alcohol Drinking / epidemiology*
  • Alcoholism / diagnosis
  • Alcoholism / epidemiology*
  • Data Collection
  • Feasibility Studies
  • Female
  • Health Status Indicators
  • Humans
  • Interview, Psychological
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Mass Screening / methods*
  • Motivation
  • Primary Health Care
  • Prospective Studies
  • Psychometrics
  • Student Health Services / statistics & numerical data*
  • Students / statistics & numerical data*
  • Substance-Related Disorders / diagnosis
  • Substance-Related Disorders / epidemiology*
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Universities / statistics & numerical data*
  • Young Adult