Microstructured Fiber Source of Photon Pairs at Widely Separated Wavelengths

Opt Lett. 2010 Feb 15;35(4):499-501. doi: 10.1364/OL.35.000499.

Abstract

We demonstrate a source of photon pairs with widely separated wavelengths, 810 and 1548 nm, generated through spontaneous four-wave mixing in a microstructured fiber. The second-order autocorrelation function g((2))(0) was measured to confirm the nonclassical nature of a heralded single-photon source constructed from the fiber. The microstructured fiber presented herein has the interesting property of generating photon pairs with wavelengths suitable for a quantum repeater able to link free-space channels with fiber channels, as well as for a high-quality telecommunication wavelength heralded single photon source. It also has the advantage of potentially low-loss coupling into standard optical fiber. These reasons make this photon pair source particularly interesting for long-distance quantum communication.