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, 7 (2), e1000216

The Global Research Neglect of Unassisted Smoking Cessation: Causes and Consequences

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The Global Research Neglect of Unassisted Smoking Cessation: Causes and Consequences

Simon Chapman et al. PLoS Med.

Abstract

Simon Chapman and Ross MacKenzie review the evidence and argue that health promotion messages should emphasize that the most successful method used by most ex-smokers is unassisted cessation.

Conflict of interest statement

SC was a member of the Australian Smoking Cessation Consortium that received research funding from GlaxoSmithKline in 2001–2002.

Figures

Figure 1
Figure 1. Focus of original research and reviews of 662 smoking cessation papers indexed by Medline, 2007–2008 (percent of all papers).
*, Pharmacotherapy: NRT only 57; bupropion only 19; varenicline only 26; combination/head-to-head trials 56; other pharmacotherapy 20; pharmacotherapy versus nonpharmacotherapy 7; pharmacotherapy with counselling 49; meta-analyses/systematic reviews 8; reduced nicotine cigarettes 2; smokeless tobacco 3. **, Nonpharmacotherapy: community cessation centres, groups, counselling 28; primary health care 29; hospital-based or referrals 39; workplace programs 6; schools/youth 16; quitlines 26; phone or posted initiated by professionals 16; Web-based 32; combination quitline/Web/calls 9; pamphlets/books 2; spirometry as motivator 2; acupuncture/acupressure 3; exercise 6; meta-analyses/systematic reviews 6. ***, Trends, correlates and predictors. Whole or special populations 82; youth 16; primary health care 6; hospital patients 12; workplaces 2. #, Three articles were unobtainable.

Comment in

  • A new policy on tobacco papers.
    PLoS Medicine Editors. PLoS Medicine Editors. PLoS Med. 2010 Feb 23;7(2):e1000237. doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1000237. PLoS Med. 2010. PMID: 20186273 Free PMC article.

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