Hepatoprotective and antioxidant effects of Argyreia speciosa in rats

Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. 2008 Jan 22;5(2):158-64. doi: 10.4314/ajtcam.v5i2.31268.


The present study has been designed to evaluate the liver protective and in-vivo antioxidant role of Ethanolic extract (EtAS) and Ethyl acetate extract (EAAS) of roots of Argyreia speciosa, an important 'rasayana' herb in Indian System of medicine, in CCl(4)-induced hepatotoxicity and oxidative stress in rats. Animals were treated with EtAS and EAAS at doses of 200 mg and 400 mg/kg body weight p.o. along with CCl(4) (0.7 ml/kg in olive oil, 1:1 v/v i.p. on every alternate days) for seven days. Serum biochemical parameters such as SGOT, SGPT, ALP, cholesterol, total and direct bilirubin were determined. Antioxidant status in liver was determined by measuring the activities of Super oxide dismutase (SOD), catalase and peroxidase. Histopathological study of isolated liver specimens was also carried out to know the protection offered by the extracts. There was a significant rise in the levels of serum GOT, GPT, and ALP and other biochemical parameters, decrease in the levels of SOD, catalase and peroxidase after administration of CCl(4). Suspensions of EtAS and EAAS (200 and 400 mg/kg) successfully prevented the alterations of these effects in rats (p< 0.001). Histopathological examination demonstrated that CCl(4) treated group induces ballooning degeneration and centrilobular necrosis. Groups treated with EtAS and EAAS showed recovery on ballooning degeneration and centrolobular bridging necrosis was occasionally present. Data also showed that these extracts possessed strong antioxidant activity, and were comparable to Silymarin, a well known liver protecting herbal formulation.

Keywords: Argyreia speciosa; CCl4; Hepatoprotective; Vruddhadaruka; antioxidant.