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. 2010 Feb;135(1):70-4.
doi: 10.1055/s-0029-1224749. Epub 2010 Feb 16.

[Second-look Operation in Pancreatic Carcinoma Previously Assessed as Unresectable]

[Article in German]
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[Second-look Operation in Pancreatic Carcinoma Previously Assessed as Unresectable]

[Article in German]
P Warnick et al. Zentralbl Chir. .

Abstract

Background: The only curative therapy for patients with pancreatic carcinoma consists of -complete surgical tumour removal. Preoperative diagnostic investigations may help, however, the definite decision on tumour resectability can only be made intraoperatively during explorative laparotomy.

Patients and methods: We report herein on 17 patients who were judged during exploratory laparotomy elsewhere to suffer from non-resectable pancreatic cancer and who underwent a second-look operation after referral to our hospital.

Results: During the second-look operation 13 patients (76.5 %) underwent tumour resection, where-as in 4 patients (23.5 %) the tumour remained non-resectable. An R0 resection was achieved in 9 of 13 (69 %) and an R1 resection in 4 of 13 (31 %) patients, respectively. The classic Kausch-Whipple operation was performed in 4, pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy in 5, and left pancreatic -resection in another 4 patients. Mean survival in patients after tumour resection was increased, reach-ing 17.6 months compared to 6.5 months in patients with non-resectable pancreatic cancer.

Conclusions: Our results suggest that the prediction of resectability depends highly on the experience of the surgical team. Although considered as non-resectable during prior laparotomy else-where, the majority of patients (76.5 %) suffered from a resectable tumour disease. Moreover, most of them (69 %) underwent complete (R0) -tumour removal. Thus, complex visceral operations like pancreatic carcinoma resection should preferably be performed in high-volume centres exclusively.

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