Protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) has been implicated in cell cycle progression and mitosis; however, the complexity of PP2A regulation via multiple B subunits makes its functional characterization a significant challenge. The human adenovirus protein E4orf4 has been found to induce both high Cdk1 activity and the accumulation of cells in G(2)/M in both mammalian and yeast cells, effects which are largely dependent on the B55/Cdc55 regulatory subunit of PP2A. Thus, E4orf4 represents a unique means by which the function of a specific form of PP2A can be delineated in vivo. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, only two PP2A regulatory subunits exist, Cdc55 and Rts1. Here, we show that E4orf4-induced toxicity depends on a functional interaction with Cdc55. E4orf4 expression correlates with the inappropriate reduction of Pds1 and Scc1 in S-phase-arrested cells. The unscheduled loss of these proteins suggests the involvement of PP2A(Cdc55) in the regulation of the Cdc20 form of the anaphase-promoting complex (APC). Contrastingly, activity of the Hct1 form of the APC is not induced by E4orf4, as demonstrated by the observed stability of its substrates. We propose that E4orf4, being a Cdc55-specific inhibitor of PP2A, demonstrates the role of PP2A(Cdc55) in regulating APC(Cdc20) activity.