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. 2010 Jul 1;54(7):921-6.
doi: 10.1002/pbc.22367.

Initial Testing of a Monoclonal Antibody (IMC-A12) Against IGF-1R by the Pediatric Preclinical Testing Program

Free PMC article

Initial Testing of a Monoclonal Antibody (IMC-A12) Against IGF-1R by the Pediatric Preclinical Testing Program

Peter J Houghton et al. Pediatr Blood Cancer. .
Free PMC article


Background: Many childhood malignancies including sarcomas, neuroblastoma, and Wilms tumor show the presence of both, active, type-1-insulin-like growth factor receptor (IGF-1R), and the autocrine production of its ligands IGF-1/IGF-2. IMC-A12 is a fully human IgG1 antibody that prevents ligand binding to the IGF-1R.

Procedures: IMC-A12 was evaluated against the 23 cell lines of the Pediatric Preclinical Testing Program (PPTP) in vitro panel using 96 hr exposure at concentrations ranging from 0.01 nM to 0.1 microM. IMC-A12 was tested in vivo at a dose of 1 mg/mouse administered intraperitoneally twice weekly for 6 weeks.

Results: In vitro, IMC-A12-induced T/C values <50% in only three cell lines, a rhabdomyosarcoma cell line (Rh41) and two Ewing sarcoma cell lines (TC-71 and CHLA-9). In vivo, IMC-A12 induced significant differences in EFS distribution compared to control in 24 of 34 (71%) evaluable solid tumor xenografts. Using the PPTP "time to event" activity measure, IMC-A12 induced intermediate (n = 13) or high (n = 1) activity in 33 xenografts evaluable for this activity measure, including 6 of 6 rhabdomyosarcoma xenografts, 3 of 5 osteosarcoma xenografts, 2 of 5 neuroblastoma xenografts, and 1 of 5 Ewing sarcoma xenografts. The only objective response observed was observed in a rhabdomyosarcoma xenograft (Rh28) that achieved a maintained complete response.

Conclusions: IMC-A12 demonstrated broad antitumor activity against the PPTP's in vivo solid tumor panels, with the activity primarily being tumor growth inhibition rather than tumor regression. IMC-A12 showed its greatest activity in vivo against the PPTP's rhabdomyosarcoma xenografts.


Figure 1
Figure 1
IMC-A12 in vivo objective response activity. Left: The colored ‘heat map’ depicts group response scores. A high level of activity is indicated by a score of 6 or more, intermediate activity by a score of ≥ 2 but < 6, and low activity by a score of < 2. Right: representation of tumor sensitivity based on the difference of individual tumor lines from the midpoint response (stable disease). Bars to the right of the median represent lines that are more sensitive, and to the left are tumor models that are less sensitive. Red bars indicate lines with a significant difference in EFS distribution between treatment and control groups, while blue bars indicate lines for which the EFS distributions were not significantly different.
Figure 2
Figure 2
IMC-A12 activity against individual solid tumor xenografts. Kaplan-Meier curves for EFS, median relative tumor volume graphs, and individual tumor volume graphs are shown for selected lines: (A) Rh10, (B) Rh28, (C) Rh30 and (D) Rh41.

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