Evaluation of packable and conventional hybrid resin composites in Class I restorations: three-year results of a randomized, double-blind and controlled clinical trial

Oper Dent. 2010 Jan-Feb;35(1):11-9. doi: 10.2341/09-027CR.


The clinical performance of packable and conventional hybrid resin composites in Class I restorations for a period of three years was compared using a randomized controlled double-blind clinical trial with self-matching design. A total of 50 pairs of Class I restorations were placed in 32 adult patients by one dentist in a self-matching prospective clinical trial. The paired teeth were divided into the TPH Spectrum/XenoIII (TS) restoration group and the Synergy Compact/One Coat (SC) restoration group according to a random number table. Application of the materials followed the manufacturer's instructions. The restorations were evaluated by two independent evaluators using US Public Health Service (USPHS)-Ryge modified criteria. Statistical analysis was performed using the McNemar's test with Yates' continuity correction. After three years, 40 pairs of restorations were available for evaluation. Four TS and two SC restorations failed due to fracture. Only one TS-restored tooth showed postoperative sensitivity at baseline and the symptom disappeared one week later. Alpha ratings of TS vs SC restorations were as follows: 95% vs 98% for color match, 85% vs 88% for marginal integrity, 88% vs 90% for anatomical form, 85% vs 83% for marginal discoloration, 88% vs 93% for occlusal contact. For both materials, Alpha ratings were 88% for surface texture. The three-year clinical performances of the two restorative materials were satisfactory and not significantly different for each of the parameters evaluated.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Calcium Hydroxide / chemistry
  • Color
  • Composite Resins / chemistry*
  • Dental Cavity Lining
  • Dental Cavity Preparation / classification
  • Dental Marginal Adaptation
  • Dental Materials / chemistry*
  • Dental Restoration Failure
  • Dental Restoration, Permanent / classification*
  • Dentin Sensitivity / etiology
  • Dentin-Bonding Agents / chemistry
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Glass Ionomer Cements / chemistry
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Materials Testing
  • Methacrylates / chemistry
  • Prospective Studies
  • Resin Cements / chemistry
  • Surface Properties
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Young Adult


  • Composite Resins
  • Dental Materials
  • Dentin-Bonding Agents
  • Glass Ionomer Cements
  • Methacrylates
  • One Coat Bond
  • Resin Cements
  • TPH spectrum
  • Xeno III
  • synergy compact resin cement
  • Calcium Hydroxide